This page provides an overview of the steps Florida is taking to prepare for the impacts of climate change.
On July 13, 2007, Governor Charlie Crist established the Florida Governor’s Action Team on Energy and Climate Change and directed it to create a comprehensive Energy and Climate Change Action Plan (Executive Order 07-128). The executive order directed that the preparation of the action plan be “guided by an evaluation of the possible consequences to Florida’s energy, economy, and society from global climate change,” and that it occur in two phases. Phase I focused primarily on strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while Phase II focused on long-term strategies related to reducing climate impacts to society, public health, the economy, and the natural environment, and on developing industry and the economy to help combat climate change. Six work groups were formed to develop recommendations for the Action Plan, including the Adaptation Technical Work Group, which was responsible for the adaptation portion of the Action Plan.
The final Energy and Climate Change Action Plan was submitted to the Governor on October 15, 2008. Chapter 8 of the plan details adaptation strategies for improving Florida’s resilience to the anticipated impacts of climate change. Chapter 8 also discusses the climate change impacts projected for Florida, including temperature changes, precipitation changes, sea-level rise, and extreme weather. The plan includes goals related to research needs, comprehensive planning, ecosystems and biodiversity, water resources, the built environment and infrastructure, the economy, insurance, emergency preparedness, human health and social effects, government organization and coordination, funding, and education. In May 2011 the Florida legislature passed a bill to abolish the Florida Energy and Climate Commission. The legislation was signed in June 2011 by Governor Rick Scott, transferring the Commission’s functions to the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
In Florida, much of the preparations for climate change impacts like sea-level rise and increased flooding have occurred at the local and regional level. The state has supported these developments by passing legislation in 2011 and 2015 to promote local resilience planning, and providing technical assistance and funding to local governments. Still, some counties and municipalities had begun planning for the impacts of climate change even before these more recent developments at the state level. In Southeast Florida, four counties (Broward, Miami-Dade, Monroe and Palm Beach) adopted a voluntary agreement to collaborate on climate policy and formed the Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact. As part of the Compact, the four counties collaborate and share resources with the goals of preparing for climate change impacts and reducing emissions in the region. Since ratifying the Compact agreement in January 2010, the Compact counties, through working groups and outside stakeholder engagement, have developed unified sea-level rise projections and a sea-level rise vulnerability assessment for the region. They also developed a Regional Climate Action Plan (RCAP, which is undergoing an update in 2017), specifying 110 recommendations for actions that the region’s local governments can take to reduce emissions and prepare the region for impacts across different sectors, including transportation, water supply and infrastructure, natural systems, energy, and agriculture. To support local adoption of the RCAP and implementation of its recommendations, the Compact counties have developed conducted workshops, and developed guidance documents and an online database for municipalities to share best practices for implementing the recommendations of the RCAP.
The state of Florida is in the process of implementing the goals set forth in the 2008 Plan.
(Research last updated December 12, 2016; Click here for a description of our methodology.)
The Georgetown Climate Center’s State Adaptation Progress Tracker, which tracks the progress of states in implementing their adaptation plans, is supported by the MacArthur Foundation.
Get a quick view of the progress Florida is making to prepare for climate change in different areas below. The first number includes goals in progress or completed. The second number reflects the total number of goals in each area. For a more detailed look at progress click here or click on one of the sector buttons below.
Below is a list of all completed goals from the state's adaptation plan(s) in the coasts/oceans sector. Click the plus sign to learn more about each stated goal. Click here to view a detailed breakdown of the state's progress in implementing its adaptation plan(s).
Below is a list of all completed goals from the state's adaptation plan(s) in the infrastructure sector. Click the plus sign to learn more about each stated goal. Click here to view a detailed breakdown of the state's progress in implementing its adaptation plan(s).
|Resource Name||Resource Type||Date|
|Florida SB 1094: “An act relating to the peril of flood”||Law and Governance||May 21, 2015|
|Florida Water and Land Conservation Initiative||Law and Governance||November 4, 2014|
|Creation of “Adaptation Action Areas” in Florida's Community Planning Act||Law and Governance||June 2, 2011|
|Florida Executive Order 07-128 - Governor's Action Team on Energy and Climate Change||Law and Governance||July 13, 2007|
|Resource Name||Sector(s) Covered||Date|
|2060 Florida Transportation Plan||Emergency preparedness, Land use and built environment, Transportation||December 2010|
|Florida's Energy and Climate Change Action Plan||Agriculture and food, Biodiversity and ecosystems, Coastal, Emergency preparedness, Fish and fisheries, Forestry, Insurance, Land use and built environment, Oceans, Public health, Tourism and recreation, Water resources||October 15, 2008|
|Southeast Florida Regional Compact: Climate Action Plan - 2014 Municipal Implementation Survey||December 2014|
|Heartland 2060 - Building a Resilient Region Plan (Central Florida)||2014|
|Broward County, Florida Comprehensive Plan - Climate Change Element||February 12, 2013|
|Southeast Florida Regional Climate Action Plan||October 2012|
|Miami Beach, Florida Stormwater Management Master Plan||August 17, 2012|
|Lee County, Florida Climate Change Resiliency Strategy (CCRS)||October 6, 2010|
|Broward County, Florida Climate Change Action Plan||May 4, 2010|
|City of Punta Gorda, Florida Adaptation Plan||November 18, 2009|
|Resource Name||Resource Category||Date|
|Adaptation Action Areas Guidebook: A Planning Guidebook for Florida's Local Government||Planning||August 2015|
|South Florida Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Pilot Project: Final Report||Assessments||April 10, 2015|
|Southeast Florida Regional Compact: Climate Action Plan - 2014 Municipal Implementation Survey||Monitoring and Reporting||December 2014|
|Florida Sea Level Scenario Sketch Planning Tool for Transportation Planning||Data and tools||September 2013|
|Florida's Community Resilience Initiative - Planning for Sea Level Rise||Planning||2012|
|Post-Disaster Redevelopment Planning: Addressing Adaptation During Long-Term Recovery||Planning||2011|
|Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise in Florida: An Update of the Effects of Climate Change on Florida's Ocean and Coastal Resources||Assessments||December 2010|