Climate Vulnerability Monitor
The Climate Vulnerability Monitor (2nd Ed.) measures the global impact of climate change and the carbon economy at a national level. It calculates and compares the vulnerability for 184 countries in four areas of impact (environmental disasters, habitat change, health impact and industry stress) using 34 climate and carbon related indicators. The report is the second to be issued by an ongoing international research program on climate-related vulnerability mandated to the independent humanitarian and development research organization, DARA.
The main finding of this report is that "climate change has already held back global development: it is already a significant cost to the world economy, while inaction on climate change can be considered a leading global cause of death."
The Monitor is divided into three main parts: first, a region-by-region, then country-by-country overview of the assessment for all 184 countries in 2010 and 2030 included in the analysis; then the two key sections, Climate and Carbon. These detailed sections provide data and an explanation for each of 34 climate and carbon indicators, and describe the principal causes and effects for each instance. Indicators of impact range from issues such as hunger and skin cancer, to permafrost thawing and sea-level rise, indoor and outdoor air pollution, and fisheries, biodiversity and forest deterioration. Constraints on labor productivity, imposed by rising heat, are the largest single impact due to climate change - provided as a new component of the analysis. The analysis also includes new monetary, human and ecological estimations of the ramifications of inaction on climate change. The country studies follow the Climate section, as their focus relates primarily to the Monitor’s Climate assessment. Finally, a number of special focus sections are also contained in this report, including independent chapters on the country-based research undertaken in Ghana and Vietnam.
This report and scientific literature imply adaptation costs to be at least 150 billion dollars per year today for developing countries, rising to a minimum of more than 1 trillion dollars per year by 2030. It finds that, in one respect or another, every country is experiencing negative impacts either resulting from the effects of climate change or as brought about by the carbon economy - not one country has "Low" vulnerability to the combined effects of climate change and the carbon economy. Even the largest and most advanced of the world's economies face serious losses, such as the U.S., which is estimated to incur a 2.1% reduction in GDP by 2030.
The Monitor was commissioned by the Climate Vulnerable Forum, an international cooperation group of climate insecure countries, and mandated to DARA as an independent global study. DARA is a registered independent, non-profit organization in Spain, and has 501(c)(3) status in the United States. DARA is also recognized as an international organization in Geneva, Switzerland.