The information below summarizes actions taken by North Carolina to adapt to the impacts of climate change. North Carolina has not adopted an official statewide adaptation plan, however, the state has undertaken other efforts to assess climate vulnerabilities and identify adaptation strategies, described here.
In 2002, North Carolina passed the Clean Smokestacks Act (Session Law 2002-4), which directed the Division of Air Quality within the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) (today the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality) to study issues related to carbon dioxide emissions. In 2005, DENR established the Climate Action Plan Advisory Group (CAPAG) to primarily focus on how the state could reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. In 2008, CAPAG released a report with 56 recommendations that could be further researched and considered by the state in the future. Notably, one of the report’s recommendations, CC5, called for a state climate adaptation plan; the state, however, has not completed a state climate adaptation plan.
In 2006, the North Carolina General Assembly convened a Legislative Commission on Global Climate Change (“Commission”) to study issues related to climate change (Session Law 2005-442). The Commission met from February 2006 to May 2010 when it completed its final report. Among other recommendations, the Commission asked the state legislature to require DENR, in partnership with other state and federal agencies, to develop a “North Carolina Climate Change Adaptation Strategy.” In 2009, the General Assembly introduced House Bill (H.B.) 1808, which called for DENR to develop a comprehensive “North Carolina Climate Change Adaptation Strategy” that would consist of both a statewide climate vulnerability assessment and adaptation plan. However, H.B. 1808 was never signed into law and therefore, the state legislature has not acted on that recommendation in the Commission’s final report.
The Commission also recommended that state agencies conduct an inventory of what programs and decisions consider climate change impacts. In 2010, the General Assembly implemented this recommendation in Session Law 2010-180. This law requires state agencies to review their planning and regulatory programs to determine potential impacts from climate change and sea-level rise and make recommendations about how state programs could better incorporate adaptation.
In 2012, the North Carolina Interagency Leadership Team (ILT) — a group of 11 state and federal agencies — released a report entitled Climate Ready North Carolina: Building a Resilient Future. The report, which included many of the Commission’s and H.B. 1808’s recommended components for an “adaptation strategy,” provides a framework for how the state could collaboratively create an integrated climate adaptation response for North Carolina across agencies. The report discusses how the state can proactively prepare for projected impacts of climate variability and weather extremes, with an emphasis on practical, economically feasible options that can be undertaken by agencies working with partners at the local, regional, and federal levels. The report presents potential climate impacts on the state’s economy, infrastructure, and natural resources and strategies for evaluating those risks when planning, designing, and implementing projects.
Agency Efforts to Plan for Climate Impacts
Some state agencies are also taking steps to prepare for climate impacts in specific sectors, including the following examples:
Sea-Level Rise Adaptation
In 2010, the North Carolina Coastal Resources Commission released a report projecting 39 inches of sea-level rise along North Carolina’s coast by 2100, based upon the latest scientific information at that time. In August 2012, the state legislature enacted “An Act to Study and Modify Certain Coastal Management Policies” (Sessions Law 2012-202) to limit the Commission’s ability to use projected rates of sea-level rise in regulatory decisions until 2016, and directed the Commission to develop updated projections for the state’s sea-level rise study every five years.
In March 2015, the North Carolina Coastal Resources Commission Science Panel published its 2015 update to the state’s Sea-Level Rise Assessment Report, which provides sea-level rise projections for the state. The report considers future projections of sea-level rise based upon the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (AR5) scenarios and estimates up to a 10.6 inch rise in sea levels over the 30-year timeframe analyzed in the study.
This page highlights the actions North Carolina is taking to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Other resources from the Adaptation Clearinghouse, which have been developed and adopted to help North Carolina prepare for the impacts of climate change, are featured in the chart below.
The Georgetown Climate Center’s State Adaptation Progress Tracker, which tracks the progress states are making in preparing for the impacts of climate change, was supported by the MacArthur Foundation.
(Research last updated: August 22, 2018).
|Resource Name||Sector(s) Covered||Date|
|North Carolina Climate and Health Adaptation Plan||Public health||2016|
|North Carolina Highway 12 Storm Recovery||Coastal, Transportation|
|Climate Ready North Carolina: Building a Resilient Future||Biodiversity and ecosystems, Coastal, Cultural resources, Emergency preparedness, Land management and conservation, Land use and built environment, Public health, Transportation, Water resources||August 2012|
|Cumberland County, North Carolina, Climate Resiliency Plan||February 2016|
|French Broad River MPO Long Range Transportation Plan – Climate Change Chapter||September 23, 2010|
|Resource Name||Resource Category||Date|
|North Carolina Sea Level Rise Assessment Report - 2015 Update||Assessments||March 31, 2015|
|Adapting to Climate Change: A Handbook for Local Governments in North Carolina||Planning||June 2013|
|North Carolina Sea-Level Rise Assessment Report||Assessments||March 2010|