This page provides an overview of the steps Virginia is taking to prepare for the impacts of climate change.

On December 21, 2007, Governor Tim Kaine established the Governor’s Commission on Climate Change (through Executive Order 59). The executive order also directed the Commission to create a Climate Action Plan that would evaluate expected impacts of climate change on Virginia's natural resources, public health, agriculture, forestry, tourism, and insurance sectors.

On December 15, 2008, the Governor’s Commission released its Final Report: A Climate Change Action Plan ("2008 Plan"). The 2008 Plan details the Commission’s findings regarding climate impacts, particularly sea-level rise, on the state’s infrastructure, coastline, and military installations. While the 2008 Plan focuses primarily on measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, it includes a set of goals related to preparing for climate impacts. Specifically, it calls on state agencies to begin to consider climate change in planning and decisionmaking processes. The Governor’s Commission was not continued under Governor Bob McDonnell, who was in office from 2010 to 2014.

On July 1, 2014, Governor Terry McAuliffe created a new Governor’s Climate Change and Resiliency Update Commission (Update Commission) to review, update, and prioritize the goals of the 2008 Climate Change Action Plan (through Executive Order 19, Convening The Governor’s Climate Change And Resiliency Update Commission). The Commission developed recommendations through work groups focused on public education, information, energy, land use, and transportation and one group was also charged with identifying sources of revenue to fund the implementation of these goals. The Update Commission released its Report and Final Recommendations to the Governor in December 2015. Based on the Commission's recommendations, the state has taken several actions, such as appointing a state Chief Resilience Officer and developing a statewide protocol for sea-level rise projections. Other recommendations in the 2015 report call on the state to establish a Climate Change and Resilience Resource Center to provide technical assistance to decisionmakers and information to the public, to create a bank for energy and resilience projects, and to leverage federal investments with state bonds to invest in coastal resilience projects.

Legislation Supporting Coastal Resilience

In 2011, the Virginia legislature enacted Senate Bill (SB) 964, which called on state agencies to develop guidance and provide technical assistance to Virginia localities on adapting to changing coastal conditions, including sea-level rise.

In March 2012, the Virginia Legislature passed House Joint Resolution No. 50, which directed the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) to study the impacts of recurrent flooding in Tidewater and Eastern Shore localities, and to identify adaptation strategies for recurrent flooding. The VIMS Recurrent Flood Study for Tidewater Virginia was published in January 2013. In response to the VIMS study, the legislature convened a Joint Subcommittee on Recurrent Flooding to make recommendations for how the state can respond and adapt to the threat of recurrent flooding and sea-level rise; the Joint Subcommittee released its report in September 2014 (Recommendations to the Secure Commonwealth Panel on the Issue of Sea Level Rise and Recurrent Flooding in Coastal Virginia).

In 2015, the legislature enacted SB 1443, which requires jurisdictions within the Hampton Roads Regional Planning Commission’s district (e.g., Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Chesapeake, VA) to identify sea-level rise adaptation strategies in local comprehensive plans.

In 2016, the Virginia legislature established the Virginia Shoreline Resiliency Fund, a revolving fund designed to provide low-interest loans to homeowners and businesses to help them retrofit buildings to enhance flood resilience.

And in 2018, Governor Ralph Northam signed legislation (SB 265) creating an executive branch position, Special Assistant to the Governor for Coastal Adaptation and Protection, to lead the development of a statewide coastal flooding adaptation strategy.

 

These pages highlight the progress Virginia is making in implementing the goals set forth in its 2008 Plan. Other resources from the Adaptation Clearinghouse, which have been developed and adopted to help Virginia prepare for the impacts of climate change, are featured in the chart below.

The Georgetown Climate Center’s State Adaptation Progress Tracker, which tracks the progress states are making in implementing adaptation plans, was supported by the MacArthur Foundation.

 

(Research last updated: June 25, 2018).

 
State Agency Action Overview
Local Support Overview
 
 

State Law and Policy

Resource Name Resource Type Date
Virginia S 265: Special Assistant to the Governor for Coastal Adaptation and Protection Law and Governance June 22, 2018
Virginia Shoreline Resiliency Fund Law and Governance April 20, 2016
Virginia SB 1443: comprehensive plan sea-level rise strategies Law and Governance March 16, 2015
Virginia EO 19: Convening the Governor's Climate Change and Resiliency Update Commission Law and Governance July 1, 2014
Virginia HJ 16: Recurrent flooding; joint subcommittee established to formulate recommendations to address Law and Governance March 8, 2014
Virginia HJ 50: Flooding; Virginia Institute of Marine Science to study strategies to prevent in Tidewater localities Law and Governance March 9, 2012
Virginia SB 964 (2011): Coastal resource management; Living Shorelines; VA Marine Resources Commission, et al. to develop integrated guidance. Law and Governance April 29, 2011
Executive Order 59 (2007- VA) the Governor's Commission on Climate Change Law and Governance December 21, 2007

State Agency Plans

Resource Name Sector(s) Covered Date
Virginia Climate Change and Resilience Report to the Governor Coastal, Energy, Information technology, Land use and built environment, Transportation December 21, 2015
VA Dept of Conservation and Recreation: Guidance for Local Floodplain Ordinances in Virginia Coastal, Land management and conservation, Land use and built environment October 2011
Virginia's Strategy for Safeguarding Species of Greatest Conservation Need from the Effects of Climate Change Biodiversity and ecosystems, Coastal, Fish and fisheries, Wildlife November 2009
Virginia Governor's Commission on Climate Change Final Report: A Climate Change Action Plan Agriculture and food, Biodiversity and ecosystems, Coastal, Fish and fisheries, Forestry, Insurance, Land use and built environment, Public health December 15, 2008

Local and Regional Plans

Resource Name Date
Building a Better Norfolk: A Zoning Ordinance of the 21st Century January 23, 2018
Norfolk Vision 2100 November 22, 2016
Hampton Roads Sea Level Rise Preparedness and Resilience Intergovernmental Pilot Project Phase 2 Report: Recommendations, Accomplishments and Lessons Learned October 19, 2016
Eastern Shore of Virginia Hazard Mitigation Plan 2016
Norfolk, Virginia Resilience Strategy October 28, 2015
Developing a Local Sea Level Rise Adaptation Plan for Virginia Beach October 2014
Coastal Resiliency: Adapting to Climate Change in Hampton Roads, Virginia July 2013
City of Alexandria, Virginia Energy and Climate Change Action Plan: Local Actions to Save Energy, Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Prepare for the Impacts of Climate Change 2012 -2020 June 2011
City of Virginia Beach 2009 Comprehensive Plan - Policy Document December 8, 2009
City of Alexandria, Virginia Environmental Action Plan 2030 June 23, 2009

More Featured Resources

Resource Name Resource Category Date
Sea Level Rise Adaptation Guide - Virginia Planning
Tidewater Rising Resiliency Design Challenge Planning January 2016
Recommendations to the Secure Commonwealth Panel on the Issue of Sea Level Rise and Recurrent Flooding in Coastal Virginia Law and Governance September 5, 2014
Virginia's Climate Modeling and Species Vulnerability Assessment: How Climate Data Can Inform Management and Conservation Assessments 2013
Assessing Vulnerability and Risk of Climate Change Effects on Transportation Infrastructure: Hampton Roads Virginia FHWA Pilot Solutions 2012
Virginia Coastal Needs Assessment and Strategies: FY 2011-2015 Assessments April 2011
 

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