The Georgetown Climate Center developed legal and policy resources for states and other stakeholders to inform the development and implementation of EPA's Clean Power Plan to reduce carbon pollution from the power sector during the Obama Administration. The EPA under President Trump is seeking to repeal the Clean Power Plan.
Below are state responses to the Trump Administration's ongoing repeal efforts, facilitated by the Georgetown Climate Center.
Bipartisan Group of Thirteen States Urges EPA Not to Repeal the Clean Power Plan - On April 17, 2018, state officials from fourteen environmental and energy agencies representing thirteen states submitted joint comments to the Environmental Protection Agency opposing its proposed repeal of the Clean Power Plan. In this response, state officials remind EPA that the agency has an affirmative obligation under current law to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from existing power plants.
12 States Encourage EPA to Implement a Meaningful Federal Program to Reduce GHG Emissions - On Monday, February 26, 2018, environmental and energy agency leaders from 12 states submitted comments urging the EPA to meaningfully regulate carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and to recognize the successful strategies already used by states to reduce emissions in the power sector.
The below links capture some of the interactive tools, research, and materials that were developed to inform stakeholders regarding the development of the Clean Power Plan.
Single State Clean Power Plan Compliance Approaches with Interstate Elements (May 2015) - This report provides an overview of considerations for single-state compliance under the Clean Power Plan that would give companies the option of using market-based tools to cut carbon pollution across states.
Overview of Potential Clean Power Plan Compliance Pathways (January 2015) – This policy brief compares key characteristics of potential compliance approaches states could use to comply with EPA's proposed plan to cut carbon pollution from the power sector, including rate-based and mass-based trading programs, state-driven or utility-driven portfolio approaches, a state commitment approach, and a carbon fee.
Summary of EPA's Notice of Data Availability for the Clean Power Plan (November 2014) – This summary focuses on the following three topic areas that EPA addressed in the Notice of Data Availability and seeks comments on: the compliance trajectories for state emission-reduction goals from 2020 to 2029; aspects of the building block methodologies used to establish state goals relating to natural gas generation and renewable energy; and issues relating to the base year used in the state goal formula and the methodology for calculating state goals.
Detailed Summary of EPA's Proposed Clean Power Plan (June 2014) – This document provides a summary of EPA’s proposed rule, known as the Clean Power Plan. Issued in June 2014, the Clean Power Plan aims to reduce carbon pollution from existing power plants. The summary contains a particular focus on elements of the proposal that may be of interest to the states.
State Energy Analysis Tool – This online tool enables states, advocates, reporters, and the public to identify a state’s success in cutting carbon emissions over time and to compare and sort states on an array of energy and climate criteria. The tool enables users to view detailed state-by-state data breakdowns and regional data for the different EPA regions and the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). It also gives states the ability to create their own regions to quickly identify other states they may want to collaborate with in implementing the EPA’s proposed rule.
Components of the State Energy Analysis Tool:
States Voice Strong Support for EPA’s Proposed Clean Power Plan in Joint Letter to Agency (December 2014) – In a letter to U.S. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy, environment and energy leaders from 14 states expressed strong support for the agency’s proposed Clean Power Plan.
High-Level Summary of EPA’s Proposed Clean Power Plan – The Georgetown Climate Center provides this one-page description of EPA's proposed carbon pollution standards for existing power plants.
Reference Guide for State Goals in the Proposed Clean Power Plan – This guide compiles data from EPA's supporting documents to help states, reporters, and stakeholders better understand what the proposed carbon pollution limits in the power sector mean for each state. The guide compares current state carbon dioxide intensity levels with EPA's proposed state goals and identifies the percentage change necessary to achieve state goals.
Governors' Statements and State Fact Sheets on the Clean Power Plan (June 2014) – Following the release in June 2014 of the EPA's proposed rule to limit carbon pollution in the power sector, the Georgetown Climate Center has compiled a number of state-by-state resources and relevant information to help improve understanding of the new rule. Resources on this page include gubernatorial statements, state fact sheets, and a new guide that highlights EPA carbon pollution reduction goals for each state.
Multi-State Collaboration and Coordination Under EPA's Proposed Power Plant Standards (May 2014) – This proceedings document from an April 22, 2014, dialogue with senior state, power company, and federal officials summarizes key themes and thoughts about multi-state compliance under the proposed carbon pollution reduction standards. Participants in the dialogue identified opportunities for coordination and collaboration including: using common analysis among states to inform program development; developing common approaches to measurement or crediting; developing programs that allow averaging or trading across sources and different state programs; and developing multi-state compliance programs with shared targets and compliance mechanisms. Participants also identified the potential benefits of multi-state coordination and collaboration, including cost savings and reliability benefits, and potential challenges, such as increased complexity of some multi-state approaches.
Issue Brief: The Electricity System and Implications for Federal Carbon Pollution Standards (May 2014) – As states develop plans in response to EPA limits on carbon pollution from the power sector, coordination with state and regional electric power system regulators will be critical. While the language of Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act contemplates state programs, electricity flows across state lines and is managed through multi-state electricity markets that do not align with state borders. This document provides a brief primer on how the electric power system functions and the role played by different entities in its operation and oversight. It also identifies key issues related to the structure of the electricity system that will be relevant for states to consider as they develop plans to comply with the new carbon pollution reduction standard.
Fact Sheet: Opportunities for States under EPA Carbon Pollution Standards (September 2013) – Developed prior to EPA’s proposed rule, this fact sheet outlines potential opportunities for states to build on their existing, successful clean energy and climate programs for compliance with Clean Air Act Section 111(d). The document highlights a number of effective state and regional programs, and emphasizes the economic and health benefits these programs are already achieving.
Issue Brief: EPA’s Forthcoming Performance Standards for Regulating GHG Pollution (September 2011) - This pre-proposal brief provides background information about Clean Air Act Section 111(d) carbon pollution guidelines. Among the topics are the legal basis for EPA regulation of power plant carbon pollution, a basic explanation of Section 111 performance standards, and potential flexible approaches that could be used for compliance.